Risk management is part of all business operations, and its purpose is to identify, assess, manage and report significant risks. The Group’s risk management covers risks associated with individual projects, operational risks and risk of failing to comply with laws and regulations, such as the risks involved in financial reporting. Market risks include the effects of economic conditions, trends, customer development, supplier dependence, political decisions and competition. Risks also include technological risk and production disturbances as well as the capacity to attract and retain key individuals. Financial risks include existing financing, options for future financing and currency- and interest risks. Legal risks consist of legislation, regulations, insurance, public authorities and supervisory bodies, as well as disputes and claims for damages. Risks that are managed well can lead to opportunities and generate value, while risks that are not dealt with correctly can cause damages and unnecessary costs for the company. For this reason, the ability to identify risk factors and manage risks is an important part of the company’s operational activities.

FINANCIAL RISKS
Sensys Gatso is exposed to financial risks in its international business due to changes in exchange- and interest rates, as well as liquidity, financing and credit risks. The Group’s policy for managing financial risks has been defined by the Board and serves as a framework for risk management.

CURRENCY RISK
Currency risk refers to the fluctuations in exchange rates having a negative impact on Group’s income statement, balance sheet and/or cash flow. Currency risk arises when future business transactions, or reported assets or liabilities, are expressed in a currency which is not the Group’s functional currency.

Transaction exposure
In the Group’s international operations, some customers pay in their own currency which means that the Group is exposed to transactional currency risks. This kind of currency risk also arises in conjunction with the import of raw material and components in a currency that is not the Group’s functional currency.
Incoming flows or foreign currencies should be used for payment in the same currency.

Translation exposure
Currency risk also arises in conjunction with the translation of foreign net assets and earnings, so-called translation exposure. This currency risk is not hedged and refers, primarily, to the translation of foreign subsidiaries’ income statement and balance sheets. Earnings from foreign subsidiaries are translated into Swedish krona based on the average exchange rate for each month. The exposure of the Group’s net assets outside of Sweden has increased from previous years due to the acquisition of Gatso Beheer BV.

The Group’s risk exposure in foreign currencies at the end of 2015, expressed in thousands of Swedish kronor (SEK 000s) were the following:

  EURO USD SEK AUD
Accounts receivable 18,982 753   901
Intra-Group/Related party loans 581 0   0
Financial receivables 938 63   1,174
         
  20,501 816   2,075
Bank loans -1,729 0 -43,750 0
         
Intra-Group/Related party loans -72,540 -15,357   0
Accounts payable -4,311 -145   -906
Other financial liabilities -227 -123   -187
  -78,807 -15,625 -43,750 -1,093

 

As indicated by the exposure table above, the Group is primarily exposed to changes in the EUR/SEK exchange rate.

 

Impact on 
profit after tax

Impact on other
components in equity

Tkr 2015 2014 2015 2014
EUR/SEK exchange rates + 10%  -41,545  n/a 14,217  n/a
USD/SEK exchange rates + 10%   -9,648  n/a  8,838  n/a
AUD/SEK exchange rates + 5 %   233    558

 

 

The largest exposure to changes is in the EUR/SEK exchange rate, but the USD/SEK exchange rate is also sensitive to changes, which can affect equity, especially since the Company, following the acquisition of Gatso Beheer BV, has goodwill and other intangible assets in local currencies.
Earnings are more sensitive to changes in the EUR exchange rate in 2015 compared with 2014 due to an increase in borrowing in EUR. In addition to this, the Company has no forward exchange contracts that can affect equity. The Group’s exposure to other exchange rate fluctuations is not material.

INTEREST RISKS

Sensys holds no interest-bearing assets and, accordingly, the Group’s income and cash flow from operating activities are, in all material aspects, independent of changes in market interest rates. The Group’s interest-rate risk arises in conjunction with long-term borrowing. The aim is to limit the interest risk in the Group’s interest-bearing liabilities. At the closing date, the Group had SEK 214.7 million (0) in interest-bearing liabilities and cash and cash equivalents were SEK 76.2 million (80.5).
Borrowing on the basis of floating interest rates exposes the Group to interest–rate risks as regards to cash flow. Borrowing on the basis of fixed interest rates implies an interest-rate risk for the Group in terms of fair value. During 2015, the Group’s borrowings largely consisted of loans with three months fixed interest rates.
If interest rates on borrowing in Swedish krona as of 31 December 2015 had been 10 points higher/lower, but all other variables had been constant, then gains after tax for the financial year would have been SEK 1.8 million (0.0) higher/lower, primarily as an effect of higher/lower interest expenses for borrowings with floating interest rates.
The Group holds no listed financial instruments.

LIQUIDITY AND FINANCIAL RISKS

Financing risk also refers to risks associated with existing and future financing, refinancing of overdue loans, or difficulties in raising external loans. Liquidity risk refers to the risk of being unable to fulfil payment commitments when they fall due as a consequence of insufficient liquidity. Both of these forms of risk are managed by the company preparing regular cash flow forecasts. The Board closely monitors rolling forecasts for the company’s liquidity reserve to ensure that the company has sufficient cash funds to meet the requirements of operating activities.

For the liabilities the company has conventional covenants towards the banks, such as dept-to equity, levels of EBITDA and certain restriction for new investments. Also, management regularly follows rolling forecasts for the Group’s liquidity reserve on the basis of anticipated cash flows.
The table below presents an analysis of the Group’s financial liabilities to be settled net, specified according to the contractual time to maturity, as of the closing date. The interest amounts stated in the table are the contractual, undiscounted cash flows. Amounts falling due within 12 months correspond with the carrying amounts, as the effect of discounting is negligible.
The largest exposure to changes is in the EUR/SEK exchange rate, but the USD/SEK exchange rate is also sensitive to changes, which can affect equity, especially since the Company, following the acquisition of Gatso Beheer BV, has goodwill and other intangible assets in local currencies.
Earnings are more sensitive to changes in the EUR exchange rate in 2015 compared with 2014 due to an increase in borrowing in EUR. In addition to this, the Company has no forward exchange contracts that can affect equity. The Group’s exposure to other exchange rate fluctuations is not material.

As of 31 December 2015 Less than
1 year 
Between
1 and 2 year
Between
2 and 5 years
More than
5 year
Bank loans 80,375 18,750 0 0
Trade payables and other liabilities 56,401 0 0 0
Loan to related parties  43,603 12,663 59,840 19,550
Total  180,379 31,413 59,840 19,550

 

As of 31 December 2014 Less than
1 year 
Between
1 and 2 year
Between
2 and 5 years
More than
5 year
Bank loans 0 0 0 0
Trade payables and other liabilities 11,207 0 0 0
Total 11,207 0 0 0

CREDIT RISK
Credit risks are defined as the risk of loss if the opposite parties with whom the Group has invested cash and cash equivalents, fail to fulfil their obligations. Credit risks are to a large extent avoided through effective creditworthiness analyses/monitoring of existing and potential customers, and in certain cases by obtaining payments in advance or payment against a letter of credit. The Groups’ assets are recognised in the balance sheet after deduction for provisions for expected credit losses. The credit risk is limited to the carrying amount of each financial asset.
A provision of SEK 22.0 million (0) was made for receivables that are not expected to be paid.

CAPITAL RISK

The Group’s objective with regard to the capital structure is to secure the Group’s ability to continue operating, so that it can continue to generate returns for shareholders and benefits for other stakeholders, and to maintain an optimal capital structure to keep the cost of capital down.

To maintain or adjust the capital structure, the Group may change the dividend paid to shareholders, repay capital to shareholders, issue new shares or sell assets to reduce debt. The debt/equity ratio at 31 December 2015 was 78 per cent (86).

OPERATIONAL RISKS 

For Sensys Gatso, a major part of operational risk lies in the management of each individual project. Sensys Gatso works actively to integrate risk management in each customer project, and has developed an in-house tool, Risk Assessment Analysis, for this purpose. The tool enables the company to identify, manage and where necessary, accept and limit the risks involved in each project. The project manager is responsible for implementing Risk Assessment Analysis and subsequently following up and reporting on important matters. In addition to this, for larger projects, a member of the management team will be appointed to act as sponsor for the project and the point of contact for regular reports from the project manager.

Each linear manager is also responsible for driving and developing his/her respective area of responsibility, which includes identifying opportunities and threats as well as continuously following up activities.

Finally, the management team’s meetings function as a forum for discussions upon which operational decisions are based, thereby consolidating risk management in its entirety.

PRICE RISK

Price risk in the Group’s operations primarily arise in conjunction with the purchase of material used in manufacturing. 

INSURANCE

The Group has adequate insurance policies covering property, product liability, interruptions and transport, as well as an insurance policy covering the Board of Directors and CEO.

IT SECURITY

As computer-aided technology has assumed an increasingly greater scope within the companies, security requirements have also increased. The functional security of the databases and e-mail servers is checked via daily backups. The internet connection is fixed and completely isolated from other networks via hardware firewalls. Access via public networks is secured via security devices. User access to the system is regulated via Group authorisations and entitlements based on actual assignments and roles within the company.